Well, I have completed day one of residency at Royal Roads University and I have to say that I am very impressed how organized the events and classes have been so far. Everything from the welcome social to my first classes today on article critiques and research have been illuminating.
During our classes there was much discussion on qualitative research versus quantitative research. I thought I had a solid understanding of each research method, but after class I started to think about how important research is to establishing a deeper understanding and knowledge base is my profession.
Prior to class, I hadn’t thought that a qualitative question could illicit a quantitative result. I had seen them as distinct and different, yet I now know that there are “Multiple Perspectives” to research and as our facilitator, Bill Muirhead, stated
- The question often defines the perspective
- There are questions that allow the research to gather qualitative and quantitative information. Research may be done in a qualitative manner that allow for quantitative results
After class, I read some articles to help me to better define research and found a table that, in it’s simplicity, was very infomative.
“All research ultimately has
“There’s no such thing as qualitative data.
Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods
|Methods include focus groups, in-depth interviews, and reviews|
|Primarily inductive process used to formulate theory|
|More subjective: describes a problem or condition from the point of view of those experiencing it|
|More in-depth information on a few cases|
|Unstructured or semi-structured response options|
|No statistical tests|
|Can be valid and reliable: largely depends on skill and rigor of the researcher|
|Time expenditure lighter on the planning end and heavier during the analysis phase|
|Primarily deductive process used to test pre-specified concepts, constructs, and hypotheses that make up a theory|
|More objective: provides observed effects (interpreted by researchers) of a program on a problem or condition|
|Less in-depth but more breadth of information across a large number of cases|
|Fixed response options|
|Statistical tests are used for analysis|
|Can be valid and reliable: largely depends on the measurement device or instrument used|
|Time expenditure heavier on the planning phase and lighter on the analysis phase|